What's the Master's Geo-information Science and Earth Observation about?

Purpose of observation:

The weather and climate in cities is of high importance for the wellbeing of its citizens, for its liveability, as well as for the environmental quality. This climate is governed by the energy and water balance and determined by the relative contribution of their different components. We measure and monitor these components, like for example water consumption, heat and CO2 production and solar radiation among others, over Enschede and combine this information with remotely sensed observations from satellites, airplanes and drones.

This helps us to not only map the urban climate on the long term, but also yields information on the so-called Urban Heat Island effect (i.e. how much warmer is it in the city and its neighborhoods as compared to its surrounding?) and for example on local air-circulation patterns. This information can then be used for mitigation and/or adaptation measures that touch upon a suite of different aspects such as health (sleeping quality, air quality, mortality), public space (pressure on parks, drought damage to flora and fauna), liveability (labor productivity indoors and outdoors, comfort) and water (water quality, water demand, cooling water availability).

In short, we monitor variables of the urban climate, hydrology and meteorology, which are then used to calibrate and validate remote sensing measurement techniques.

Participation in (inter)national programme/campaigns:

  • Hyperscout (Hyperspectral cubesat) CAL/VAL air- and space-born campaign 2019.


  • EWI faculty, University of Twente.
  • Stadskantoor, Gemeente Enschede.
  • Cosine B.V., Warmond, The Netherlands

Externally funded projects:

  • TISCALI project, 2017-2022, “Technology Innovation for Sewer Condition Assessment – Long-distance Information-system”, NWO-STW funded, budget: 950 k€.
  • Match project, 2018-2020, “MAchine Learning Tool for Calibration of Hyperspectral instruments”, ESA funded, budget: 25 k€.

Major scientific achievements:

  • The major achievements reached by using data collected at the Enschede Monitoring Earth Observation site are provided in the publication of 1 PhD dissertation and 1 peer reviewed article.

PhD dissertations:

  • Precipitation extremes over The Netherlands: Changes due to Climate and Urbanization, Rahimpour, V., 2018. PhD dissertation University of Twente.


  • Monitoring turbulent flux exchanges over urban areas, Du, J., PhD research, 2014-2019
  • Assessing sewer condition from remote sensing, Hempenius Franco, J., PhD research, 2018-2022

MSc theses:

  • None


  • Rahimpour Golroudbary, V., Zeng, Y., Mannaerts, C. M., & Su, Z. (2017). Detecting the effect of urban land use on extreme precipitation in the Netherlands. Weather and climate extremes, 17, 36-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2017.07.003

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