ITC's investigations in China's coalfields
Xinjiang Project - The E.E.C. Coal Fire Project
The "Environmental monitoring of spontaneous
combustion in the North China Coalfields" project started in
1994 and ended in 1997 with financial support of the European Community
and the Ministry of Coal Industry of P.R. China. It was a joint
project between ITC and ARSC (Aerophotogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Bureau of China Coal), P.R.China.
Three test areas were selected for this study.
They are located in the north of Tianshan mountain in Xinjiang Autonomous
Region, China (see map of study
area). The main ground cover types are coal seams, sedimentary
rocks (sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and shale), burnt rocks and
soil. Vegetation is normally sparse. The first area with a length
of 18 km and a width of 8 km, is located around N 43° 46' 30"
and E 87° 23' , at short distance west of Urumqi. The second
test area connected to the first area, having a width of 10 km and
a length of 20 km (N 43° 43' and E 87° 07'), 42 km towards
the southwest of Urumqi. The third area with a length of 60 km and
a width of 15 km, is situated around N 44° 03' and 88° 23',
100 km away from the northeast of Urumqi.
The objectives of this project were:
- Investigating methods of detection and location of coal fire
- Developing methods of measurement of coal fire areas
- Developing methods of monitoring and prediction of coal fire
areas using remote sensing data and GIS techniques
- Airborne data acquisition for test areas in Xinjiang, China
- Image processing and interpretation (NOAA image, TM image,
SPOT image, AMSS image and Russian satellite phototographs were
used for this research).
- Fieldwork was carried out in 1994 and 1995.
- Coal Fire Monitoring Information
System (CFMIS) for Northern China and Xinjiang autonomous