WRS Colloquium by Prof. Nico Sneeuw
In recent years several spaceborne geodetic sensors, designed for altogether different purposes, have established themselves as valuable hydrological monitoring tools. Radar satellite altimetry, originally aiming at oceanography and geodesy, has demonstrated its potential to act as virtual lake and river gauges. Future altimetry technology will be able to overcome the current limitations of spatial and temporal resolution. The ubiquity of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) also provides a wealth of information on several components of the hydrological cycle.
GNSS-based atmospheric sounding operationally monitors tropospheric water vapour content; GNSS-network deformation reflects amongst others hydrological loading effects; and GNSS-reflectometry aims to measure both water-level heights and soil moisture.
The satellite mission GRACE has established a fundamentally new remote sensing tool for hydrological applications. Measuring changes in the Earth's gravitational field from space, it is able to monitor mass changes, due to the global hydrological cycle. Although the spatial resolution may not be satisfactory for such purposes yet, the mission strongly constrains the hydrological cycle at continental scales. The current success has set in motion a number of proposals and ideas for future missions.
This lecture discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the various geodetic sensors for hydrological purposes in terms of spatial resolution, time resolution and accuracy. Also the distinction between geometric observables (height, volume) as opposed to gravitational observables (mass) is underlined. In particular the exciting utility of future spaceborne gravimeters is discussed.
Short CV of Prof. Sneeuw
Nico SNEEUW was born in 1966. After his MSc graduation in geodetic engineering at the Delft University of Technology in 1989 he received a PhD from the Technical University Munich in 2000. From 2001 to 2005 he was affiliated as assistant professor to the Department of Geomatics Engineering at the University of Calgary. He is currently Professor and Head of the Institute of Geodesy at the University of Stuttgart. His research covers the broad area of physical and satellite geodesy in general. A particular research interest focuses on spaceborne gravimetry, not only from the technological-geodetic viewpoint but also in terms of applications to Earth sciences as hydrology or oceanography.
|Event starts:||Wednesday 30 November 2011 at 10:45|
|Event ends:||Wednesday 30 November 2011 at 12:15|
|Organized by:||WRS Dept.|
|City where event takes place:||Enschede|
|Country where event takes place:||Netherlands|